Monday, January 14, 2008

Arianism and Catholics?

Christians, for the first 300 years after the death of Jesus, where brutally and lethality persecuted by the Roman Empire. From the time of the burning of Rome, which Emperor Nero blamed on the Christians, until 313 A.D. when Emperor Constantine legalized Christianity, Christians remained underground.
 Until that time only through the word of mouse Christians learned about Jesus of Nazareth his preaching suffering and crucifixion, about Resurrection, Ascension and so on.
Once they left the catacombs and entered the public arena Christians began devoting themselves to answering theological questions that the Bible does not explain.
For the next 300 years the theological debate often degenerated into violent arguments that forced the authorities to intervene and to demand from the religious leaders to settle the issues and put an end to the strife.
During that time Christological heresies referring to the nature of Christ became widespread.
One of these heresies is the Arianism, not referring to the our days skinheads with swastikas and anti-Semitic prejudices, referring to the 4th century one coming from a cleric named Arius.
Arius claims that Jesus was created there fore he was never equal to God. In Arianism Jesus became the Son not that he was, is, and will always be the Son, with no beginning and no end.
For the people the fact that only one God existed, therefore if Jesus was also God it would appear as if two gods existed instead of one, Arianism spread like wildfire.
The Emperor Constantine terrified of insecurity in the empire, ordered a council of the Pope, all the bishops and patriarchs to convene and settle the issue once and for all.
For safety reasons they selected the imperial city of Nicea and the decision was made to compose a creed that every believer was to learn and profess as being the substance of Christian faith.
The phrase “one in being with the Father” translated in plain English ended the argument and the Arianism.
Today all over the World every Sunday and Holy Day at Catholic Masses is recited the same creed known as the Nicene Creed that comes from that A.D. 325 Council of Nicea.